2022 № 8 Population and birth rates in assessing dynamic changes in the reproductive potential of the region
The article analyzes the dynamic changes in the main indicators of the reproductive potential of the region, such as the
number of female and male population of the region (on the example of the Republic of Dagestan), the structure of women by age groups and changes in the number of women of reproductive age, birth rates. The theoretical material for the study was legal documents and statistical collections, literary sources, as well as materials of statistical analysis of the demographic situation in the regions; in the course of the analysis, the following methods were used: study and generalization of experience, analytical, statistical.
M a t e r i a l s a n d m e t h o d s : bibliographic, sociological, statistical and analytical methods.
F i n d i n g s . The results of the study showed that the number of women in the age groups of 15–19 years and 20–24 years has noticeably decreased in the republic, in recent years the number of women in the age group of 25–29 years has been declining (after their stable growth in previous years), and negative changes in the structure of the number of women of young childbearing age may cause a decrease in the birth rate in the coming years, despite the still high level of large families.
2022 № 7 On the issue of the current state of the medical and demographic situation in Russia
At the present stage in Russia, the main strategic initiatives aimed at improving medical and demographic processes are set out in a number of regulatory documents presented in the form of national projects, concepts, strategies and other federal projects, while special attention is required to study and monitor these indicators of public health of the population.
Purpose of the study is analysis of the medical and demographic situation in Russia and in individual subjects in recent years, making proposals to improve the processes of fertility and mortality, migration growth.
Materials and methods. Scientific publications, official statistical data and analytical materials of Rosstat, data from the
statistical collection of the SFO were used as research materials. Statistical data processing was carried out using SPSS, Excel‑2007 packages. The main research methods were: the study and generalization of experience, information-analytical, statistical, bibliographic.
Results. The analysis of the dynamics of indicators of the demographic situation in the Russian Federation determined a low degree of compliance with the priorities of the state policy; there was a negative dynamics and a discrepancy between the actual value of the planned target indicators, therefore, in order to eliminate the existing problems, it is necessary to take into account the specifics of individual territories when setting and formulating strategic directions and initiatives on this problem.
Findings. The results of the study indicate the need for constant monitoring of the main demographic indicators, considering certain directions and the course of the state policy pursued in this direction.